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Consolidation Coal Company History and Pictures
 
 
 
 
Consolidation Coal Company History began when the Maryland Legislature chartered the business in 1860, and the Company formally established itself in 1864, but delayed its organization until after the Civil War.  Consolidation Company's roots lie with several small companies operating in the George's Creek area of western Maryland.  They included the Cumberland Coal & Iron Company, the Frostburg Coal Company, the Ocean Steam Coal Company, Mount Savage Iron Company, and Cumberland & Pennsylvania Railroad.
 
By 1906, Consolidation Coal Company expanded into an immense corporation for the time, operating more than sixty-five mines and employing tens of thousands of miners.  By 1907, the Consolidation Coal Company became the largest bituminous coal company in the eastern United States.  In 1927, Consolidation Coal Company became the largest bituminous coal producer in the United States—a distinction Consol Energy, its corporate descendent, holds today!
 
 
 
The photographs, maps, and applicable information on the following Web pages, which can be selected in the agenda on the left of this page or with the links below, reveal Consolidation Coal Company’s early history.
 
 

 

Consolidation Coal Company's Early History & Photos

 

 

“Coal moves the world. The spirit of progress comes from it. Railroads, steamboats borrow from it their wonderful strength. Every machine that is and works has its existence from coal. It makes the earth habitable. It gives the cities their mighty blaze and splendor. It is a treasure, the last gift presented by earth to extravagant man”— Móre Jókai. . . .

 

 

 

Consolidation Coal Company Ocean No. 7 Coal Mine

 

Consolidation Coal Company’s pride and joy in the nineteenth century was probably its Ocean No. 7 mine in the George’s Creek Coal Field. It forms only a small part of the huge coal field called the Eastern Province, which extends from the northern part of Pennsylvania in a southwesterly direction, following the Appalachian mountain system to the central part of Alabama. . . .

 

 

Sources of Info & Photos on the Web Pages Above

 

 

Bonasso, Russell F., Fire in the Hole 2003 (Several photos)

Buckley, Geoffrey L., Extracting Appalachia, Images of the Consolidation Coal Company 1910-1945, 2004 (Many photos)

Burgess, Frances C., The State of West Virginia, Supplement to "New Geography, Book Two" of the Frye-Atwood Geographical Series 1929 (Several photos and maps)

Burrell, George A. & Seibert, Frank M., The Sampling and Examination of Mine Gases and Natural Gas 1913

Callahan, James Morton, Professor of History and Political Science, West Virginia University, Semi-Centennial History of West Virginia 1913 (Many photos, and maps); Genealogical and Personal History of the Upper Monongahela Valley, West Virginia, Under the Editorial Supervision of the Bernard L. Butcher, Volume II, 1912

Conley, Phil, West Virginia Yesterday and Today 1931 (Many photos, and maps)

Dunnington, George A., History and Progress of the County of Marion, West Virginia 1880

Editor, Harper's Weekly, "The Mine Catastrophe in West Virginia," December 28, 1907 issue (Several photographs)

General Offices of the Consolidation Coal Company, Fairmont Coal Company, and Somerset Coal Company, The Coal to Buy and How to Burn It, Being Practical Hints on the Selection of Coal for Present-Day Requirements 1903 (Many photos, and maps)

Hoehling, A. A., Disaster, Major American Catastrophes 1973

 

Hungerford, Edward, The Story of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad 1827-1927, two volumes 1928


Husband, Joseph, A Year in a Coal-Mine 1911

Kaempffert, Waldemar, Editor, Volume II, A Popular History of American Invention 1924 (Many photos)

Kellogg, Paul U., a 19-page article titled “Monongah” in the January issue of Charities and The Commons 1908 (Several photos)

Mangano, Antonio, "The Effect of Emigration Upon Italy," Charities and The Commons, January 4, 1908 issue (Several photographs)

McAteer, Davitt, U. S. Assistant Secretary of Labor for Mine Safety and Health, Monongah, The Tragic Story of the Worst Industrial Accident in US History 2007 (Several photos)

Mitman, Carl W., Catalogue of the Mechanical Engineering Collection in the United States National Museum 1922 (Many photos)

Nicolls, William Jasper, Above Ground and Below in the George’s Creek Coal Region 1898 (Several photographs)

Rice, George S.; Frazer J. C. W.; Haas Frank; Larsen, Axel; and Scholz, Carl , The Explosibility of Coal Dust 1910 (Several photos)

Rutledge. J. J., The Use and Misuse of Explosives in Coal Mining 1914

Shaw, Albert, magazine editor, “The Greatest Coal Mine Disaster in our History.” the title of his February 1908 review in The American Review of Reviews of Paul U. Kellogg's January 1908 article titled “Monongah” in the Charities and The Commons, Vol. XIX, October 1907 through April 1908 (Many photos)

Shawkey, M. P., A. M. PedD., West Virginia, A Book of Geography, History, and Industry 1922 (Many photos, and maps)

Stose, G. W.; Swartz, C. K., Geologic Atlas of the United States, Maryland-West Virginia-Pennsylvania, Folio 179-Field Edition published by the Department of Interior, United States Geological Survey, 1912 (Several maps)

Talman, Charles Fitzhugh, "The Story of Coal" in The Mentor, May 1, 1918 (Several photos)

 

Textbook, History and Government of West Virginia 1915 (Many illustrations)

White, I. C., State Geologist, West Virginia Geological Survey, Volume Two of 1903 and Volume II (A) Supplementary Coal Report of 1908

 

Williams, John Alexander, West Virginia and the Captains of Industry 1976

Williams, Whiting, Personnel Director of the Hydraulic Pressed Steel Company, What's on the Worker's Mind by One Who Put on Overalls to Find Out 1921 (Several photographs)

Wolfe, Eugene, "No Christmas at Monongah," published in Goldenseal, Vol. 19, No. 4, Winter 1993

Writers for Mines and Minerals magazines, Volume XXVIII, August 1907 to July 1908 (Many photos, mine maps, tests, and technical information)

Workers of the Writers' Program of the Work Projects Administration in the State of West Virginia, West Virginia, A Guide to the Mountain State 1941 (Many photos)

 

 


 

 


 

 
This page was last modified on Tuesday, January 19, 2016