Who is Jesus? Did Jesus really exist? The evidence may be found with Dr. C. C. Bombaugh who discovered a rare record of the death of Christ and recorded it in his 1875 edition of Gleanings for the Curious from the Harvest-Fields of Literature. The "Death Warrant of Jesus of Nazareth" was engraved on a copper artifact according to Bombaugh who reported: “Of the many interesting relics and fragments brought to light by the preserving researches of antiquarians, none could be more interesting to the philanthropist. and believer than the following—to Christians the most imposing judicial document ever recorded in human annuals. It has been thus faithfully transcribed:
THE DEATH-WARRANT OF JESUS OF NAZARETH
Sentence rendered by Pontius Pilate,
Acting Governor of Lower Galilee,
Stating that Jesus of Nazareth shall suffer Death on the
In the year seventeen of the Emperor Tiberius Caesar, and
on the 27th day of March, in the city of the holy
Jerusalem—Annas and Caiphas being priests, sacrificators of
the People of God—Pontius Pilate, Governor of Lower Galilee,
sitting in the presidential chair of the praetory, condemns
Jesus of Nazareth to die on the cross between two thieves, the
great and notorious evidence of the people saying:
I. Jesus is a seducer.
II. He is seditious.
III. He is the enemy of the Law.
IV. He calls himself falsely the son of God.
V. He calls himself falsely the King of Israel.
VI. He entered into the Temple followed by a multitude
bearing palm branches in their hands.
Orders the first centurion, Quilus Cornelius, to lead him to
the place of execution.
Forbids any whomsoever, either poor or rich, to oppose the
death of Jesus Christ.
The witnesses who signed the condemnation of Jesus are—
I. Daniel Rabani, a Pharisee
II. Joannus Robani
III. Raphael Robani
IV. Capet, a Citizen
Jesus shall go out of the city of Jerusalem by the Gate of
The foregoing is engraved on a copper plate, on the reverse of which is written, ‘A similar plate is sent to each tribe.’ It was found in an antique marble vase, while excavating the ancient city of Aquila, in the kingdom of Naples, in the year 1810, and was discovered by the Commissioners of Arts of the French Army. At the expedition of Naples, it was enclosed in a box of ebony and preserved in the sacristy of the Carthusians. The French translation was made by the Commissioners of Arts. The original is in the Hebrew language.”
This death warrant seems to confirm who Jesus was and that Christ did in fact exist.
An Interesting Question:
Did Jesus Christ really wear eyeglasses?
A pertinent blowup of the old spectacles illustrated in the photograph below:
The history of old spectacles can be easily traced back to the thirteenth century, and the record of the use of eyeglasses can even be found in twelfth century; but their employment appears to date back much further. Below, we provide only a few of many pieces of the existing visual as well as old literary evidence that suggests that spectacles were probably used throughout the ages.
The detail in the photograph below, entitled “The Adoration of the Magi,” which appears to show baby Jesus wearing spectacles, is displayed in one of the five marble reliefs[i]in the pulpit of the baptistery created by Nicola Pisano at Pisa in the thirteenth century. This photograph, by Alinari, was included in the 1937 (seventh) edition of Wonders of Italy, The Monuments of Antiquity, the Churches, the Palaces, the Treasures of Art, a Handbook for Students and Travellers. Another just like it, by Giraudon, also appears to show the Jesus wearing eyeglasses, in the 1964 edition of the Larousse Encyclopedia of Renaissance and Baroque Art.
Nicola Pisano's "Adoration of the Magi,"
a marble relief in the pulpit of the baptistery at Pisa, Italy
Written evidence of the use of spectacles before the thirteenth century is provided by John, abbot of Beaugency. In the twelfth century, he wrote in Latin: “Statim ut litterarum vestratum bajulam vidi, bustulam arripiens, non solum avide legi et perlegi,” which may be translated: “As soon as I saw the bearer of your letters, I snatched up my spectacles, and frequently read them over with avidity.”[ii]
However, the evidence for the use of spectacles appears to go much further back in history than the Middle Ages, or even the childhood of Jesus Christ. Guidone Pancirollo’s History of Many Memorable Things Lost, Which Were in Use among the Ancients; and an Account of Many Excellent Things Found, Now in Use among the Moderns, Both Natural and Artificial, published in English in 1715, maintains:
“Many doubt whether the Ancients had Spectacles or not, because Pliny the most diligent of all Writers, hath not so much as a word concerning them. But, however, you will find them mention’d by Plautus,[iii]when he said Vitram cedo necesse est conspicilio uti which cannot be understood of any Thing else, but of those kind of Glasses which are call’d Spectacles.”[iv]
[i] The other four panels show the Nativity, the Presentation, the Crucifixion, and the Last Judgment of Jesus Christ.
[ii]The Annual Register, or a View of the History, Politics, and Literature, For the Year 1799
[iii]A Roman comic playwright who flourished in the third century B.C.
[iv]See Robert Temple’s Crystal Sun, Rediscovering a Lost Technology of the Ancient World, for more details.